Recent research published in The Lancet exploring the burden of disease caused by alcohol across 195 countries and territories concluded that the safest level of drinking is no alcohol .
The same is true for cancer. When it comes to cancer risk, there is no safe level of drinking. This is because any alcoholic beverage a person drinks contains pure alcohol (also known as ethanol). When our bodies break down the pure alcohol we drink, a toxic chemical called acetaldehyde is produced. This chemical is linked to damaging DNA and increasing cancer risk. Find out how alcohol causes cancer.
You can work out how much ethanol is in your alcoholic drink by looking at how strong it is (the % Alcohol By Volume [ABV] on the bottle). For example:
- A 375ml stubby of 4.5% ABV beer has around 17ml – or half a shot – of ethanol
- A 150ml glass of 12.5% ABV wine has around 19ml – or more than half a shot – of ethanol
The Australian Bureau of Statistics found that in 2016/17, the average Australian aged 15 or older who drank alcoholic beverages consumed around 12.0 litres of pure alcohol over those 12 months.
Reduce your drinking to reduce your risk. The good news is the less a person drinks, the lower their risk of developing a cancer caused by alcohol. Almost a quarter of us also don’t drink. And there’s a heap of simple alternatives to alcohol.
If you do drink, health experts recommend drinking no more than 10 standard drinks in a week to reduce your risk of cancer and other serious diseases, and no more than four standard drinks on any one day to reduce your risk of injury.