Explaining a cancer diagnosis to children or teenagers can feel difficult and overwhelming, but talking sensitively and honestly about cancer can reassure them during a time of uncertainty and change. Giving children the chance to ask about cancer and express their feelings will help them understand.
What and how much you tell children will depend on how old they are and how much they can understand.
Talking to Kids About Cancer (PDF 0.58mb), offers ideas of how to talk with your children at each stage, from diagnosis to life after cancer.
Children at different ages will respond differently and seek different types of information. We offer age appropriate suggestions and possible reactions to expect. The booklet also includes stories and quotes from families who have faced similar situations.
Although the book focuses on when a parent has cancer, much of the discussion will be relevant for anyone who needs to explain a diagnosis of cancer to children.
- Reasons for including children in discussions about cancer
- How children might react at different ages
- Ways you can support them
- Processing a cancer diagnosis yourself
- Sharing the news with children
- When a child has cancer
- Words you can use
- Typical questions and possible answers
- Involving others
- Ways to understand and discuss cancer treatment
- How cancer may affect the person with cancer and the entire family
- Managing emotions
- Tips for supporting the family and maintaining routines
- How adults and children may react when cancer treatment is over
- Continuing open communication with children
- Responding to children’s expectations
- Re-establishing family routines
- How adults and children may respond if cancer advances
- Ways to talk about ongoing cancer and the possibility of death
- Words you can use
- Making the most of the time left
- Resources to help bereaved children
- How to find professional help
- Contact details for support organisations
- Useful websites
- Recommended reading for children and adults
- Glossary of cancer words for younger and older children