If a staff member in your school has been diagnosed with cancer, it can affect every aspect of their life, including their employment. The staff member may have to take extended leave from work, and could need support from the school community during and after treatment.
How cancer affects the staff member
Work is an important part of life for most people - besides income, working at school may provide satisfaction, enjoyable challenges, and a chance to mix with people from different age groups and backgrounds.
When one of your colleagues is diagnosed with cancer, they have to make many decisions:
Who to tell
Some people may decide they want to keep their diagnosis private. Their wishes should be respected (see Respecting privacy). Others are happy for students and parents to know, or they may wish to tell only a few people such as the principal, a staff support officer or colleagues they are close to. You cannot share information about a colleague's health without their consent.
How to say it
A person with cancer may choose to make a personal announcement, but they might prefer to use another method, such as writing an email or asking the principal to tell colleagues.
Plan of action
While some people may continue working, others may take time off or retire. Flexible working arrangements, such as altered work hours or location, can sometimes help staff to accommodate the side effects of cancer treatment.
Many school staff are also parents, and this adds to their stress when they have cancer. They will probably be preoccupied with managing changes at home and may need particular understanding from their workplace.
Choosing to tell parents and students
Although a staff member is not obligated to tell parents and students about their diagnosis, they may choose to share some information. This can be particularly helpful in smaller communities, where the staff member may be confronted with questions about their absence if they run into students and parents at the shops or other local places.
The staff member could discuss how to tell the school community with appropriate colleagues, such as the school principal, counsellor, student wellbeing team and/or staff wellbeing officer.
Most parents will appreciate a straightforward approach. Parents can be contacted by letter, email or phone; a parent group such as the P&C or P&F could be asked to relay the news; or parents can be invited to a meeting.
It's a good idea to let the parents know if the teacher plans to be away and for how long. The principal can also explain how the school plans to manage the teacher's work.
Telling students requires a sensitive approach. Remember, students come from all types of backgrounds, so some of them may not know much about cancer and others may have a personal experience with it. A young person's age and maturity also affect their level of understanding.
Plan what to say to students in advance and prepare answers to any likely questions. It is wise to send a letter or email home to parents so they know that their children might want to talk about their teacher's cancer. Any letter should include contact details for appropriate support services and resources.
Help with making decisions
If your colleague has been diagnosed with cancer, they may feel overwhelmed and ask for help with the many decisions they must make. You can remind them of any professional counselling services, such as an Employee Assistance Program (EAP), that are available to staff through the school.
Your colleague can also call Cancer Council 13 11 20 or see Cancer, Work & You.
Keeping in touch with the teacher
Students may like to:
- prepare get well cards
- draw pictures
- write a story
- send a letter or email describing what they've been doing in class
- make a video of get well messages from students
- start a blog to keep the teacher up to date with news from the classroom.
How people may react
When people in your school community learn about a colleague's cancer, there will be a variety of reactions. Many people wish to be supportive but are unsure what to say or do. Some people will ask questions or be extremely helpful; others will pretend they don't know or will go out of their way to avoid the person with cancer.
On rare occasions, there may be parents who will make it clear they don't want their child in the class of a teacher who has cancer because they believe their child's schooling will be disrupted. In this case, the principal can explain how the school plans to maintain the student's schedules.
If any member of your school community reacts in an insensitive manner to the news of the diagnosis, or how the school plans to manage the absence, speak to the principal or staff wellbeing officer.
The principal can assist students and parents who want to find out more about cancer or would like to access counselling services. See a list of reliable organisations and websites.
"Some of my colleagues were so uncomfortable they didn't even talk about it. I don't think they had a lack of concern, I just think they had no idea what to say." - Shirley, secondary schoolteacher with cancer
How parents can help
If parents are aware of your colleague's cancer, they might offer to help in various ways. The school could appoint a contact person to manage these offers. The contact person can check what sort of help, if any, the colleague would like from parents and then coordinate the support.
Depending on school policy, a parent's assistance in the classroom may be helpful at this time. The principal can clarify whether this is allowed and what clearances (e.g. Working with Children Check) are needed, and the teacher can decide if it would be welcome.
Many teachers have their own personal support network outside the school community and may prefer to keep their professional and personal lives separate. However, others gratefully accept offers such as a meal roster or help with their own children.
If a teacher with cancer does not want direct support, you can check whether they would be happy for your school to host a general cancer awareness or fundraising event.
Cancer in the workplace
Many employees continue to work while undergoing cancer treatment. Whether a person is able to work depends on the kind of work they do, the type and stage of cancer, the type of cancer treatment and any side effects from treatment. It also depends on personal factors such as their other commitments and whether they want people to know about the diagnosis.
If a staff member continues to work during treatment, they may need flexible working arrangements or to have their role modified. For example, some employees having chemotherapy may need to arrange a non-contact role with students to reduce their risk of catching an infection.
As more people are diagnosed in early stages - and as survival rates and treatments improve - it is increasingly likely that an employee will return to work after treatment or continue to work during treatment in some capacity. Cancer survivors are more likely to return to their job if they have a supportive work environment.
Returning to work after treatment can be difficult. School staff returning to work are often anxious about how they will manage cancer-related fatigue, employer expectations, and changes in their appearance, workload, productivity and relationships with colleagues and students.
Rights at work
Cancer Council's online Workplace Fact Sheets assist employers and workplaces to provide a supportive and fair work environment for people affected by cancer.
Fact sheets can be downloaded from your local Cancer Council website. The fact sheets cover topics such as Managing the effects of treatment, Creating cancerfriendly workplaces and Supporting a colleague with cancer.
For more information about employees' rights at work, you can:
Taking a break
"The hardest part is going for tests. I had constant tests - three-month tests, different scans, doctors' appointments. It takes it out of you. I would try to do it all in one day, so I didn't have to take too much time off school, but it was exhausting. I ended up deciding to take six months off. The administration was supportive of my decision." - Susan, primary schoolteacher with cancer
Dealing with side effects
People diagnosed with cancer or undergoing treatment often experience side effects such as nausea, vomiting, hair loss and fatigue. Long-term physical changes might be visible, such as the loss of a limb, but they can also be less obvious, such as loss of strength or diminished vision.
Cancer treatment sometimes causes temporary cognitive impairment, such as short-term memory loss or difficulty concentrating. People can usually manage these cognitive difficulties by getting extra sleep, making to-do lists and avoiding situations where quick thinking might be required.
The school community can help by being patient and understanding. A person who has had cancer treatment may not be as efficient as they once were for some time, but can usually make a successful transition back to work if the environment is supportive.
The role of the principal
When a staff member informs the principal that they have cancer, they need a sensitive and sympathetic response. Aside from worrying about work, the person may be making difficult personal decisions. It can be helpful to remind them of any staff counselling services, such as the Employee Assistance Program (EAP), that they and their family members can use.
If the person is newly diagnosed, they may feel like they are being bombarded with information. Rather than adding to this "information overload" in the initial conversation, the principal might want to set up a meeting at a later time and come prepared with relevant material, such as detailed information about working arrangements and leave entitlements. Download a copy of our Talking to your employee about cancer factsheet for more suggestions.
It is important for the principal to respect a staff member's preferences about how much they would like to disclose about their cancer, and who they would like to tell.
Many people with cancer find it helpful to talk to someone in a similar situation. If there is another staff member with cancer, the principal could put the employees in touch with one another (with their permission). Another option is for the staff member to contact someone with a similar experience through Cancer Council. They can call 13 11 20 and ask about Cancer Connect, the telephone peer support service, or explore the Cancer Council Online Community.
The principal can provide advice and guidance regarding changes to a staff member's work schedule. The staff member may consider taking a break, adjusting their workload or arranging a flexible work schedule. The principal can help the staff member make these decisions in line with leave and relief staffing procedures.
Return to work
By law, employers must make reasonable adjustments for an employee affected by cancer or its treatment. These may involve physical adjustments, such as access to disabled bathroom facilities, or adjustments to workload.
When a staff member returns to work after a long absence, organising a return to work meeting can make the situation clear for all involved and help prevent misunderstanding among colleagues. It is helpful to develop a written return to work plan with input from the staff member's health care team. Tailored to the staff member's specific situation, the plan outlines any agreed adjustments and establishes a timeline.
There are several ways to reduce an employee's anxiety and help them during their transition back to work. These can include:
- specifying regular meetings in the return to work plan to help the person manage their workload and talk about any concerns they may have (such as job security)
- adjusting their work schedule and load as agreed in the return to work plan
- making any necessary physical adjustments
- liaising with other staff (being a contact person or coordinating offers of help)
- proactively liaising with parents and students, if appropriate
- offering counselling/EAP support for the person and their family
- supporting the employee's decisions and offering reassurance.
When a family member has cancer
The information in this section may also be helpful if a colleague's partner, child or parent is diagnosed with cancer. The colleague is likely to need time off work to care for their family member. If the treatment hospital is a long way from home, they may require particular flexibility.
Working carers must juggle many demands alongside their workplace responsibilities. A supportive work environment can help them manage. For more information, download a copy of our Supporting working carers fact sheet from your local Cancer Council website.
Supporting other colleagues
When an employee is diagnosed with cancer, the principal can help to address any concerns that other staff may have. The staff member with cancer may ask the principal to liaise with colleagues on their behalf. Support should be offered to employees who are upset. If your school offers an EAP, staff can be referred to this service.
If an employee has to take a leave of absence, the principal can work with colleagues to organise substitutes for the absent employee. Most colleagues are likely to be flexible and accommodating, but a temporary substitute or permanent replacement may need to be arranged.
Supporting students and families
A staff member may wish to inform parents or students about their cancer diagnosis, but may be uncomfortable standing up in front of the class or calling parents to relay the news. The principal can offer support by coordinating how the information is shared. They can also liaise with any parents who are concerned and explain how the school will maintain the students' continuity of education during the staff member's absence.
It is important for the principal to talk to students regularly to assure them that the school is supporting their teacher and to let them know if their teacher will be taking time off. Principals can also remind students that school staff are available to support them.
The Thing About Cancer podcast
For more information about all things cancer, listen to Cancer Council NSW's audio podcast series, The Thing About Cancer. The episodes cover a wide range of topics, including:
- Coping with a cancer diagnosis
- Managing cancer fatigue
- How to help someone with cancer
- Explaining cancer to kids
- Making treatment decisions
- Appetite loss and nausea
- New cancer treatments - immunotherapy and targeted therapy
- Genetic tests and cancer
- Cancer affects the carer too
To listen, go to cancercouncil.com.au/podcasts.
- The staff member with cancer decides who to tell - there is no legal obligation to share their diagnosis.
- Before telling students, discuss with the principal and other key staff, and possibly send an email or note home to parents.
- Explain to parents how the school will maintain continuity for students.
- Teachers with cancer may need a lighter load and flexible working arrangements.
- The principal's role involves creating a cancer-friendly workplace while minimising any impact on student learning programs and on the broader school community.
Reviewed by: Claire Tobin, Principal Medical Advisor, Department of Education and Training, VIC; Dr Antoinette Anazodo, Paediatric and Adolescent Oncologist, Sydney Children's Hospital and Prince of Wales Hospital, Director of The Sydney Youth Cancer Service, and Conjoint Senior Researcher, University of New South Wales, NSW; Lisa Barrow, Clinical Nurse Educator, Children's Cancer Centre, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, VIC; Margo Bulic, Psychosocial Support Worker, CanTeen, ACT; Amber Copeland, 13 11 20 Consultant, Cancer Council Queensland; Donna Drew, Clinical Nurse Consultant, Paediatric Oncology/ Palliative Care, Kids Cancer Centre, Sydney Children's Hospital, Randwick, NSW; Allesha Fecondo, Education Consultant, Victorian Paediatric Rehabilitation Service, and Education Liaison, Ronald McDonald Learning Program, Ronald McDonald House Charities Australia, VIC; John Friedsam, General Manager of Divisions, CanTeen Australia, NSW; Pina Hutcheson, President, Catholic Primary Principals' Association of WA; Cara Irvine, Year 8 Coordinator, Alfred Deakin High School, ACT; Andrew Long, Assistant Director, Policy and Research, Independent Schools Council of Australia, ACT; Dr Alistair Lum, Post-doctoral Research Fellow – Behavioural Sciences Unit, Sydney Children's Hospital, University of New South Wales, NSW; Kristine Luszczynski, Learning Program Manager, Quality and Standards, Ronald McDonald House Charities Australia, NSW; Anita Neville, National Manager, Ronald McDonald Learning Program, Ronald McDonald House Charities Australia, VIC; NSW Department of Education, NSW; Mandy Roney, Consumer; Shannon Rush, Primary School Program Manager, Camp Quality, SA; Luke Wade, Education and Career Support Consultant, Redkite, QLD.
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