The Victorian Cancer Registry (VCR) is recognised as an innovative leader in the collection and provision of data for cancer control nationally and internationally. The VCR was established in 1939 as the first cancer registry in Australia with voluntary cancer notifications from major teaching hospitals in and around Melbourne. The Registry continued until it was incorporated into the current population-based Registry in 1982 following an amendment to the Cancer Act 1958 (Vic), which mandated the notification of cancer. From 1 October 2015, the mandatory notification of cancer screenings, diagnoses and other related information is dealt with under the Improving Cancer Outcomes Act 2014 (Vic).
Operating since 2000, the Victorian Family Cancer Register (VFCR) is an opt-on register for family members assessed as having a high risk of developing cancer due to a genetic predisposition (also includes re-consented members from the FAP register established in 1988). Two important VFCR services are cancer verifications to help Family Cancer Centres with risk assessments and a surveillance appointment reminder service for its members.