Melanoma is a type of skin cancer. There are three main types of skin cancer, named after the cells that are affected:
Melanoma is the least common skin cancer but it's the most serious because it can spread to other parts of the body.
Australia and New Zealand have the highest rates of melanoma in the world. More than 2,260 people are diagnosed with melanoma in Victoria every year.
About $3.2 million has been given to fund research specifically into melanoma.
In addition, more than $16.2 million has been spent on research projects looking into the detection and treatment of all tumour types (including melanoma).
Overall, Cancer Council Victoria has funded $69 million worth of lab-based research in Victorian hospitals, universities and research institutions since 2003.