Publications - skin cancer prevention research & evaluation (by research area)

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Publications - Monitoring and explaining trends in sun protection and sunburn

Victorian Sun Survey time trends and relationship with SunSmart media campaigns publications

Makin JK, Warne CD, Dobbinson SJ, Wakefield MA, Hill DJ. Population and age-group trends in weekend sun protection and sunburn over two decades of the SunSmart program in Melbourne. British Journal of Dermatology 2012 [Epub ahead of print]  (See Supplementary tables

Hill D, Dobbinson S, Makin JK. Interventions to lower ultraviolet radiation exposure: education, legislation, and public policy. In: ASCO 2009 Education Book. Alexandria, VA: American Society of Clinical Oncology, 2009, pp. 526-531.

Dobbinson SJ, Wakefield M, Jamsen KM, Herd NL, Spittal M, Lipscomb JE, Hill DJ. Weekend sun protection and sunburn in Australia: Trends (1987-2002) and association with SunSmart television advertising. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2008;34(2):94-101

Dobbinson S, Hill D, White V. Trends in sun protection: Use of sunscreen, hats and clothing over the past decade in Melbourne, Australia. In: UV Radiation and its effects Workshop: an update 2002. Proceedings of a workshop held on 26-28 March 2002 in Christchurch New Zealand. Organised by the National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA). Co-organised by the National Science Strategy Committee for Climate Change/ Ministry for the Environment and the Cancer Society of New Zealand. RSNZ miscellaneous series 60, pp. 89-91. The Royal Society of New Zealand, Wellington, New Zealand, 2002.

Hill D, Boulter J. Sun protection behaviour - determinants and trends. Cancer Forum 1996;20(3):204-211.

Hill D, White V, Marks R, Borland R. Changes in sun-related attitudes and behaviours, and reduced sunburn prevalence in a population at high risk of melanoma. European Journal of Cancer Prevention 1993; 2: 447-456.

Hill D, White V, Marks R, Theobald T, Borland R, Roy C. Melanoma prevention: behavioral and nonbehavioral factors in sunburn among an Australian urban population. Preventive Medicine 1992; 21 (5): 654-669.

Hill D, Theobald T, Borland R, White V, Marks R. Summer activities, sunburn, sun-related attitudes and precautions against skin cancer: A survey of Melbourne residents in the summer of 1987/1988. Melbourne: CBRC, Anti-Cancer Council of Victoria, 1990.

Victorian Sun Observation Survey time trends and relationship with SunSmart media campaigns publications

Dixon HG, Lagerlund M, Spittal MJ, Hill DJ, Dobbinson SJ, Wakefield MA. Use of sun-protective clothing at outdoor leisure settings from 1992 to 2002: serial cross-sectional observation survey. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention 2008;17(2):428-434.

Lagerlund M, Dixon H, Simpson J, Spittal M, Taylor H, Dobbinson S. Observed use of sunglasses in public outdoor settings around Melbourne, Australia: 1993 to 2002. Preventative Medicine 2006;42(4):291-6.

Concordance of self-reported and observed trends in sun protection behaviour publications

There is currently no published output for this research project.  

National Sun Protection Surveys publications

Francis K, Dobbinson S, Wakefield M, Girgis A. Solarium use in Australia, recent trends and context. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health 2010;34(4):427-430. 

Dobbinson S, Wakefield M, Hill D, Girgis A, Aitken JF, Beckmann K, et al. Prevalence and determinants of Australian adolescents' and adults' weekend sun protection and sunburn, summer 2003-2004. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 2008;59(4):602-14.

Dobbinson S, Jamsen K, Francis K, Wakefield M. 2006-07 National Sun Protection Survey: Report 2. Prepared for: The Cancer Council Australia and Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing. Melbourne: Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer, The Cancer Council Victoria, May 2008.

Dobbinson S, Jamsen K, Francis K, Dunlop S, Wakefield M. 2006-07 National Sun Protection Survey: Report 1. Prepared for: The Cancer Council Australia and Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing. Melbourne: Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer, The Cancer Council Victoria, December 2007.

Bowles K-A, Dobbinson S, Wakefield M. Sun protection and sunburn incidence of Australian adults: summer 2003-04. Prepared for: The Commonwealth Cancer Strategies Group and The Cancer Council Australia. Melbourne: Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer, The Cancer Council Victoria, February 2005.

Dobbinson S, Bowles K-A, Fairthorne A, Sambell N, Wakefield M. Sun protection and sunburn incidence of Australian adolescents: summer 2003-04. Prepared for: The Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing and The Cancer Council Australia. Melbourne: Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer, The Cancer Council Victoria, July 2005.

Dobbinson S, Fairthorne A, Bowles K-A, Sambell N, Spittal M, Wakefield M. Sun protection and sunburn incidence of Australian children: Summer 2003-04. Prepared for: The Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing, The Cancer Council Australia in consultation with a national collaborative research group. Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer, The Cancer Council Victoria: Melbourne, Australia, October 2005.

Assessing other forms of media influences on sun protection behaviour publications

Dixon H, Warne C, Scully M, Wakefield M, Dobbinson S. Does the portrayal of tanning in Australian women's magazines relate to real women's tanning beliefs and behaviours? Health Education and Behavior In Press; accepted March 2010.

Scully M, Wakefield M, Dixon H. Trends in news coverage about skin cancer prevention, 1993-2006: increasingly mixed messages for the public. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health 2008:32(5):461-6.

Dixon H, Dobbinson S, Wakefield M, Jamsen K, McLeod K. Portrayal of tanning, clothing fashion and shade use in Australian women's magazines, 1987-2005. Health Education Research 2008:23(5):791-802.

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Publications - Environmental interventions for skin cancer prevention

Cluster randomised controlled trial of adolescents' use of built-shade in secondary schools publications

Dobbinson SJ, White V, Wakefield M, Jamsen KM, Livingston PM, English DR, Simpson JA. Adolescents' use of purpose built shade in secondary schools: cluster randomised controlled trial. British Medical Journal 2009;338: b95.

McLeod K, Dobbinson S, Wakefield M, English D, White V, Livingston P. Qualitative follow-up to a secondary school shade intervention. Melbourne: Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer, The Cancer Council Victoria, July 2006.

Norms and the built environment; Use of shade in United Stated and Australian city parks publications

There is currently no published output for this research project. 

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Publications - Solarium studies

Makin J, Dobbinson SJ. Changes in solarium numbers in Australia following negative media and legislation. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health 2009;33(5):491-4.

Sinclair C, Makin J. Sometimes it takes a loss of life to make a difference. British Medical Journal 2008;336:73.

Makin JK, Dobbinson SJ, Herd NL. The increase in solariums in Australia, 1992-2006. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health 2007;31(2):191-2.

Dobbinson S, Wakefield M, Sambell N. Access to commercial indoor tanning facilities by adults with highly sensitive skin and by under-age youth: compliance tests at solarium centres in Melbourne, Australia. European Journal of Cancer Prevention 2006;15(5):424-30.

Makin J, Herd N, Dobbinson S. An audit of the increase in sun-tanning centres (solariums) in urban Australia, 1992 - 2006. Research Report for National Skin Cancer Committee. Melbourne: Cancer Council Victoria, December 2006.

Doyle C. Public health education resources on the dangers of artificial UV radiation found in solariums. Melbourne: The Cancer Council Victoria, 2005.

Dobbinson S, Wakefield M. Compliance of inner Melbourne solarium centres with a revised Australian industry Standard: Access by teens and customers with sensitive skin type. Prepared for: Victorian Department of Human Services.The Cancer Council Victoria, October 2004.

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Publications - SunSmart media campaign evaluations

Francis K, Makin J. Evaluation of the farmers' skin cancer prevention and early detection campaign, 2006-2007. SunSmart, The Cancer Council Victoria: Melbourne, Australia, December 2007.

Makin J. Evaluation of the Outside 5 early childhood resources. Cancer Council Victoria: Melbourne, Australia, August 2007.

Dobbinson SJ. Reaction to the 1999/2000 SunSmart Campaign: Results from a telephone survey of Victorians. in: SunSmart Research & Evaluation Studies No. 7. Melbourne: The Cancer Council Victoria, 2004, Chapter 6

Montague M, Borland R, Sinclair C. Slip! Slop! Slap! and SunSmart, 1980-2000; skin cancer control and 20 years of population-based campaigning. Health Education & Behavior 2001;28(3):290-305.

Sinclair C, Dobbinson S, Montague M. Can a skin cancer control programme make a difference? A profile of the SunSmart programme in Victoria. Radiation Protection Dosimetry 2000; 91(1-3): 301-302.

Dobbinson SJ, Borland R. Reaction to the 1997/1998 SunSmart campaign: Results from a representative household survey of Victorians. SunSmart Research & Evaluation Studies 1999; 6: 69-92.

Dobbinson S, Borland R; 1999 Reaction to the 1996/1997 SunSmart campaign: Results from a representative household survey of Victorians (SunSmart Evaluation Studies 6: Chapter 6)

Dixon H, Shatten R, Borland R; 1997 Reaction to the 1995/1996 SunSmart campaign: Results from a representative household survey of Victorians SunSmart Evaluation Studies5: Chapter 8

Dixon H, Cappiello M, Borland R; 1997 Reaction to the 1994/1995 SunSmart campaign: Results from a representative household survey of Victorians SunSmart Evaluation Studies 5: Chapter 7

Dixon H, Borland R; 1997 Slip! Slop! Slap! and SunSmart: The Anti-Cancer Council of Victoria's skin cancer control program and its impact SunSmart Evaluation Studies 5: Chapter 6

Dixon H, Borland R; 1997 Socio-economic differentials in response to the SunSmart campaign: 1992-1995 SunSmart Evaluation Studies 5: Chapter 10

Montague M, Segan C, Borland R; 1995 Reaction to the 1993/1994 SunSmart campaign: Results from a representative household survey of Victorians SunSmart Evaluation Studies 4: Chapter 6

Purchase M, Borland R; 1994 Public reaction to the 1992/93 SunSmart campaign: Results from a representative sample of Victorians SunSmart Evaluation Studies 3: Chapter 5.3

Segan C, Borland R; 1994 Public reaction to the SunSmart campaign and reported sun protection behaviour over the summers of 1990/91 and 1991/92 SunSmart Evaluation Studies 3: Chapter 5.2

Borland R, Hill D, Noy S. Being SunSmart: Changes in community awareness and reported behaviour following a primary prevention program for skin cancer control. Behaviour Change 1990;7(3):126-135.

Borland R, Karazija B, Keeler C, Knowles R, Marks R, Murphy B, Noy S, Reading D, Sweeney M; 1989 SunSmart evaluation studies No. 1 1988-1999

Rassaby J, Larcombe I, Hill D, Wake FR. Slip Slop Slap: Health education about skin cancer. Cancer Forum 1983;7:63-69.

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Publications - Awareness of UV levels and associated education efforts

Formative and intervention research on the UV alert and other education strategies publications

Makin J, Bonevski B, Tzelepis F, Girgis A, Brozek I. Developing an effective UV Alert: a qualitative study. In: UV Radiation and its Effects, National Institute of Water & Atmospheric Research Workshop. Queenstown, New Zealand, 2010. 

Bonevski B, Tzelepis F, Girgis A, Makin J, Brozek I. Developing an effective UV Alert: A qualitative study. A report of the focus group results. Cancer Council NSW Centre for Health Research & Psycho-oncology: Newcastle, Australia, 30 March 2009. 

Dixon H, Hill D, Karoly DJ, Jolley DJ, Aden SM. Solar UV forecasts: A randomized trial assessing their impact on adults' sun protection behaviour. Health Education & Behavior 2007; 34 (3): 486-502.

Makin J, Dobbinson SJ, Strong K. Awareness, understanding and use of the SunSmart UV Alert by the Victorian public. CBRC Research Paper Series No. 30 Melbourne, Australia: Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer, The Cancer Council Victoria, September 2007.

Francis K, Makin J. UV Alert sign pilot testing. Cancer Council Victoria: Melbourne, Australia, March 2008.

White V, Hill D, Borland R, Dobbinson S. Public Awareness of UV Forecasts in the Summer of 1997. Melbourne: Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer. Anti-Cancer Council of Victoria, Melbourne, 1997.

Public understanding of Vitamin D and related sun protection behaviours publications

There is currently no published output for this research project.

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 Publications - High risk groups

Hearne K, Makin J, Spittal M. National Hazard Exposure Worker Surveillance: Exposure to direct sunlight and the provision of sun exposure controls in Australian workplaces. Prepared for: Safe Work Australia. Melbourne, Australia: Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer, Cancer Council Victoria, January 2010

Makin J, Dobbinson SJ, Doyle C. Victorian farmers' skin cancer prevention knowledge and behaviours. Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand 2009; 25 (2): 115-121.

Livingston PM, White V, Hayman J, Dobbinson S. Australian adolescents' sun protection behavior: who are we kidding? Preventive Medicine 2007; 44 (6): 508-512

Dobbinson S, Rose M, Peckham P, Makin J. SunSmart policies and practices in Victorian local government: 2005. CBRC Research Paper Series No. 21. Melbourne, Australia: Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer, The Cancer Council Victoria, October 2006

Dobbinson SJ, Hayman JA, Livingston PM. Prevalence of health promotion policies in sports clubs in Victoria, Australia. Health Promotion International 2006; 21 (2): 121-129.

Dobbinson S, Doyle C, Wakefield M. Farmers' and outdoor workers' beliefs about skin cancer and protection from summer sun: A brief report. CBRC Research Paper Series No. 18. Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer, The Cancer Council Victoria: Melbourne, Australia, November 2005

Dobbinson S. Doyle C, Effendi Y. Sun protection behaviour of junior cricketers and their coaches: an observational study. CBRC Research Paper Series, No. 14, June 2005.

Dobbinson S, Inglis G, Hilditch A. SunSmart policies and practices in Victorian local government: 2001. SunSmart Evaluation Studies No. 7. Chapter 9: 93-116. The Cancer Council Victoria, Melbourne, 2004.

Gartland D, Dobbinson S. The sun-protection environment at swimming pools in Victoria, 2000-2001. SunSmart Evaluation Studies No. 7. Chapter 11: 129-151. The Cancer Council Victoria, Melbourne, 2004.

Pearson L, Dobbinson S. Triathletes' sun protection in Victoria, 1999. In: SunSmart Evaluation Studies No. 7. Chapter 10: 117-127. The Cancer Council Victoria, Melbourne, 2004

Livingston PM, White V, Hayman J, Dobbinson S. Sun exposure and sun protection behaviors among Australian adolescents: Trends over time. Preventive Medicine 2003; 37: 577-584.

Dobbinson SJ, Hayman J. VicHealth healthy sports clubs study: a survey of structures, policy and practice. Melbourne, Australia: Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer, The Cancer Council Victoria 2002.

Hilditch A, Dobbinson S. Identifying Community Capacity Building Indicators for Skin Cancer Control: Preliminary Report. Prepared for: VicHealth. The Cancer Council Victoria, April 2002.

Dobbinson SJ, Knight K. Protecting workers from ultraviolet radiation in sunlight. Journal of Occupational Health and Safety 2001; 17 (6): 587-589.

Livingston PM, White VM, Ugoni AM, Borland R. Knowledge, attitudes and self-care practices related to sun protection among secondary students in Australia. Health Education Research 2001; 16 (3): 269-278.

Dobbinson SJ, Peipers AM, Borland R, Nolan KM. Are Victorian primary schools SunSmart? The ongoing development of the SunSmart Schools Program. Health Promotion Journal of Australia 2000; 10 (1): 43-50.

Knight K, Dobbinson S, Williams N, Hilditch A. 1998 SunSmart Workplace Survey: Sun protection policies and practices for outdoor workers. SunSmart, The Anti-Cancer Council of Victoria, 2000

Dobbinson S, Borland R, Anderson M. Sponsorship and sun protection practices in lifesavers. Health Promotion International 1999; 14(2): 167-176.

Dobbinson S, Borland R. SunSmart policies and practices in Victorian local government: 1990 to 1998. SunSmart Evaluation Studies No. 6. Ch 8: 93-112. Anti-Cancer Council of Victoria, Melbourne, 1999.

Dixon H, Borland R, Hill D. Sun protection and sunburn in primary school children: The influence of age, gender and coloring. Preventive Medicine 1999;28:119-130.

Segan CJ, Borland R, Hill DJ. Development and evaluation of a brochure on sun protection and sun exposure for tourists. Health Education Journal 1999;58(2):177-191.

Balmford J, Dobbinson S, Peipers A. Survey of Australian Primary Schools Strategies for promoting sun protection: Baseline National SunSmart Schools Program Evaluation 1998. A report prepared for the State Cancer Councils and the National Skin Cancer Steering Committee. Published on behalf of Australian Cancer Society by the Anti-Cancer Council of Victoria, 2000. [Separate reports are available for each state and territory]

Clarke VA, Williams T, Arthey S. Skin type and optimistic bias in relation to the sun protection and suntanning behaviours of young adults. Journal of Behavioral Medicine 1997;20(2):207-222.

Dixon H, Borland R; 1997 Utility of the skin scanner in an educational setting: Results of survey and focus group discussions with adolescents SunSmart Evaluation Studies No. 5: Ch 9.

Broadstock M, Borland R, Hill D. Knowledge, attitudes and reported behaviours relevant to sun protection and suntanning in adolescents. Psychology and Health 1996;11:527-539.

Borland R, Marks R, Gibbs A, Hill D. Effects of type of information in health education brochures upon performance on an experimental melanoma detection task. Health Education Research 1995;10(2):191-197.

Arthey S, Clarke VA. Suntanning and sun protection: a review of the psychological literature. Social Science and Medicine 1995;40(2):265-274.

Montague M, Borland R; 1995 SunSmart policies and practices in Victorian local government: 1990 to 1993. SunSmart Evaluation Studies No. 4 Ch 7.

Borland R, Pratt K, Noy S; 1994 A survey of SunSmart policies and practices among local councils in Victoria 1990. In: SunSmart Evaluation Studies No. 3 Ch 6.

Clarke V; 1994 Secondary school policies and practices regarding sun protection: Victorian data SunSmart Evaluation Studies No. 3: Ch 9.

Murphy M; 1994 SunSmart primary schools study: Stage 2: Teacher interviews and discussions SunSmart Evaluation Studies No. 3: Ch 8.

Segan C. Evaluation of SunSmart policies, practices and resource usage in Victorian primary schools: Telephone interviews with school principals. SunSmart Evaluation Studies No.3. Melbourne: Anti-Cancer Council of Victoria, 1994:109: Ch 7.

Gibbs A, Sweeney M, Segan C. Junior leader's evaluation of the SLSA Junior Development Program, 1991-1992. In: Sweeney M, Segan C, Gibbs A, editors. Final report on the SunSmart sponsorship of surf life saving - Victoria 1991/92 season. Project no.: 91-0491B ed. Melbourne: Anti Cancer Council of Victoria, 1993:11-16.

1992 When we were very young: A skin cancer prevention program for preschool age children and their caregivers SunSmart Evaluation Studies No. 2: Ch 10

Broadstock M, Borland R, Hill D, Noy S, Sweeney M. Sun protection at public swimming pools. In: Noy Sea, editor. SunSmart Evaluation Studies No.2. Melbourne: Anti-Cancer Council of Victoria, 1992:Ch 8.

Segan C, Sweeney M. Evaluation of the SunSmart tennis in schools program. In: Sweeney M, Segan C, Noy S, editors. Final report on the Sunsmart sponsorship of the Victorian Tennis Association 1991-1992. Project No: 91-0183 ed. Melbourne, Victoria: Anti Cancer Council of Victoria, 1992:10-14.

Sweeney M, Segan C, Noy S. Final Report on the SunSmart Sponsorship of the Victorian Tennis Association 1991-1992. Melbourne: Anti-Cancer Council of Victoria, 1992

Borland RM, Hocking B, Godkin GA, Gibbs AF, Hill DJ. The impact of a skin cancer control education package for outdoor workers. The Medical Journal of Australia 1991;154:686-688.

Bennetts K, Borland R, Swerissen H. Sun protection behaviour of children and their parents at the beach Psychology and Health 1991;5:279-287.

Broadstock M, Borland R, Hill D, Noy S, Sweeney M. Sun protection at public swimming pools. Melbourne: Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer, Cancer Education Unit, 1990.

Borland R, Hill D, Gibbs A, Cappiello M. The impact of Telecom's "Cover yourself against skin cancer" Campaign on observed sun protection behaviour: A controlled study. Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer, Anti-Cancer Council of Victoria, 1990

Hill D, Rassaby J, Gardner G. Determinants of intentions to take precautions against skin cancer. Community Health Studies 1984;8(1):33-44.

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Publications - Program evaluations for SunSmart

Hearne K, Makin J. Working safely in the sun - evaluation and comparison of face-to-face and online SunSmart workplace education programs. Cancer Council Victoria: Research Report for SunSmart. Melbourne, February 2010.

Makin J. Melanoma seminar pilot evaluation report. The Cancer Council Victoria: Melbourne, Australia, March 2007.

Cameron M, Sambell N. SunSmart workplace education program evaluation. Melbourne, Australia: The Cancer Council Victoria, October 2006.

Doyle C, Hassard J. Evaluation of a fund-raising partnership between SunSmart and Target: Confidential report. Melbourne: The Cancer Council Victoria, 2005.

Trotter L, Fernbach M, Dobbinson S. Evaluation of the utility of Anti-Cancer Council of Victoria seminars for community health professionals. Printed In: QE10, 2001 & SunSmart Evaluation Studies No. 7. Ch 8: 85-92.The Cancer Council Victoria, Melbourne, 2004.

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General publications - skin cancer prevention research & evaluation

Hill D, Marks R. Health promotion programs for melanoma prevention: screw or spring?(Editorial) Archives of Dermatology. Vol. 144, 2008, pp. 538-540.

Borland R, Dobbinson S. Cancer: Skin. In: Ayers S, Baum A, McManus C, Newman S, Wallston K, Weinman J, West R, (Eds). Cambridge Handbook of Psychology, Health and Medicine.(2nd edn) Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2007, pp. 610-612

Makin J. Rise and Shine: Sunlight, technology and health by Simon Carter. (Book Review). Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health 2007; 32 (2): 191-192.

Dobbinson S, Hill D. Patterns and causes of sun exposing and sun protecting behavor. In: Hill D, Elwood JM, English D, (Eds). Prevention of Skin Cancer. Dordrecht: The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2004, pp. 211-240.

Hill D, Elwood JM, English DR. Prevention of Skin Cancer. Cancer Prevention - Cancer Causes. Dordrecht: The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2004.

Hill D. Skin cancer prevention: A commentary on Saraiya et al. (Invited commentary). American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2004; 27 (5): 482-483

Trotter L, Fernbach M, Dobbinson S. The utility of Cancer council seminars for community health professionals, 1999. In: SunSmart Evaluation Studies No.7 July 1998 to June 2001. Melbourne, Australia: The Cancer Council Victoria, 2004.Ch 8

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Updated: 10 Oct, 2012