Previously we reported that Dr Belal Khan was researching calcium intake by HEALTH 2020 participants and whether this has an effect on heart and bone health. Dr Khan’s research has also been used by Alexander Rodriguez for his recently completed PhD. Rodriguez examined sarcopaenia, (low skeletal muscle mass), and abdominal aortic calcification (AAC), a hardening of heart blood vessels that is a risk factor for heart disease and stroke.
His results suggest that people with low skeletal muscle mass were more likely to have AAC and more severe AAC than those people with higher muscle mass. These results were most obvious for people who were not considered obese (obesity was defined as a waist/hip circumference ratio of >0.90 for men and >0.85 for women). Maintaining muscle mass, and being physically active, can help reduce AAC and the associated cardiovascular risk.