Testicular cancer or cancer of the testis is when a cancer develops in a testicle. Usually only one testicle is affected but in some cases both are.
Sometimes testicular cancer can spread to lymph nodes in and around the testicles and abdomen, as well as to other parts of the body.
Testicular cancer is a rare type of cancer. About 220 Victorian men are diagnosed with the disease each year. Testicular cancer occurs most often in men aged 20 to 40 years.
About $121,000 has been given to fund research specifically into testicular cancer.
In addition, more than $16.2 million has been spent on research projects looking into the detection and treatment of all tumour types (including testicular).
Overall, Cancer Council Victoria has funded $69 million worth of lab-based research in Victorian hospitals, universities and research institutions since 2003.