Leukaemia is cancer of blood-forming cells. Leukaemia usually causes large numbers of white blood cells to be made and these abnormal cells usually can't carry out the normal functions of white blood cells. They crowd the bone marrow and spill into the blood and may then spread into organs such as the liver, spleen, lungs and kidneys. Sometimes, they may also spread into the fluid around the brain and spinal cord.
In Victoria, about 825 people are diagnosed with leukaemia each year.
Lymphoma is a name for cancers of the lymphatic system. There are two main types of lymphoma: non-Hodgkin lymphoma and Hodgkin lymphoma. Two types of lymphoma spread and are treated differently.
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is one of the 10 most common cancers in Victoria. About 1000 Victorians are diagnosed with non-Hodgkin lymphoma every year. These cancers can occur in children; however they are more common in adults.
Hodgkin lymphoma is much less common with about 120 people affected in Victoria.
Nearly $7.3 million has been given to fund research specifically into leukaemia and lymphoma.
In addition, more than $14.5 million has been spent on research projects looking into the detection and treatment of all tumour types (including leukaemia and lymphoma).
Overall, Cancer Council Victoria has funded $46 million worth of extramural research since 2003.
Cancer Council Victoria has also spent more than $1.3 million in the past four years on discovering more about the causes of less common cancers such as Leukaemia and Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, as part of the Forgotten Cancers Project.