Cervical cancer occurs when abnormal cells in the cervix turn into cancer cells. The cancer cells break through the surface cells (epithelium) and into the underlying tissue (stroma) of the cervix.
At diagnosis, the cancer is often just within the cervix, but it may spread to tissues around the cervix (e.g. the vagina) or to other parts of the body.
In Victoria, about 213 women are diagnosed with the disease every year.
Ovarian cancer is a malignant tumour in one or both ovaries. Some cases of ovarian cancer may form in the fallopian tube and spread to the ovary.
Cancer that begins from abnormal cells in the lining of the uterus (the endometrium) or the muscle tissue (myometrium).
About 645 women in Victoria are diagnosed with uterine cancer each year.
About $6 million has been given to fund research specifically into gynaecological cancers.
In addition, more than $14.5 million has been spent on research projects looking into the detection and treatment of all tumour types (including gynaecological).
Overall, Cancer Council Victoria has funded $46 million worth of extramural research since 2003.
Cancer Council Victoria has also spent more than $1.3 million in the past four years on discovering more about the causes of less common cancers such as uterine, as part of The Forgotten Cancers Project.