A brain tumour occurs when cells in the central nervous system grow and divide in an uncontrollable way, forming a lump. The lump may press on or grow into different areas of the brain or spinal cord, which can cause various symptoms such as loss of movement.
Benign tumours rarely spread but they may be found in essential areas of the brain that control vital life functions, which can make them life-threatening.
Malignant tumours usually grow rapidly and spread within the brain and spinal cord and are can be life-threatening. About 40 percent of brain and spinal cord tumours are malignant
Every year about 430 malignant brain and central nervous system tumours are diagnosed in Victoria.
$375,000 has been given to fund research specifically into brain cancer.
In addition, more than $14.5 million has been spent on research projects looking into the detection and treatment of all tumour types (including brain).
Overall, Cancer Council Victoria has funded $46 million worth of extramural research since 2003.
Cancer Council Victoria has also spent more than $1.3 million in the past four years on discovering more about the causes of less common cancers such as this one, as part of the Forgotten Cancers Project.