Most bladder cancers are superficial cancers. Invasive cancers are less common and occur when transitional cell cancers grow deeply into the wall of the bladder. These are more likely to spread to other parts of the body.
Squamous cell carcinomas and adenocarcinomas are less common bladder cancers.
In Victoria, 630 people are diagnosed with bladder cancer each year.
Bladder cancer occurs most commonly from the age of 55 and is three times as common in men as in women.
More than $600,000 has been given to fund research specifically into bladder cancer.
In addition, more than $14.5 million has been spent on research projects looking into the detection and treatment of all tumour types (including bladder).
Overall, Cancer Council Victoria has funded $46 million worth of extramural research since 2003.
Cancer Council Victoria has also spent more than $1.3 million in the past four years on discovering more about the causes of less common cancers such as this one, as part of the Forgotten Cancers Project.