Timeline and international developments

Timeline, international developments & major news stories


Australia  Timeline of events, produced with The University of Sydney and McCabe Centre for Law and Cancer— see  PLAIN TOBACCO PACKAGING IN AUSTRALIA: A time-line of legislative and legal developments

International developments in plain packaging

Thanks to the Canadian Cancer Society for compiling this information

Australia's legislation has been applauded by respected commentators in tobacco control1, 2 and by international health authorities. It has also strengthened the resolve of several other governments to follow Australia's example. As at February 2018, plain packaging has been adopted in 8 countries and is under consideration in at least 16 other jurisdictions. Other than Australia (2012), plain packaging has been implemented in France (2016), the United Kingdom (2016), Norway (2017), and Ireland (2017), will be implemented in New Zealand (2018), Hungary (2018), and Slovenia (2020), and is under formal consideration in Canada, Uruguay, Thailand, Singapore, Belgium, Romania, Chile, Turkey, Taiwan, Jersey, Guernsey, Georgia, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Finland, and South Africa. Expressions of support for implementation of plain packaging have also been made by the governments of Mauritius,3 Kenya,4 Gambia,5 Botswana,6 and Burkina Faso.7

Summary of implementation dates at manufacturer and retailer levels

  Country Manufacturer Level Retailer level
1 Australia Oct. 1, 2012 Dec. 1, 2012
2 France May 20, 2016 Jan. 1, 2017
3 United Kingdom May 20, 2016 May 20, 2017
4 Norway July 1, 2017 July 1, 2018
5 Ireland Sept. 30, 2017 Sept. 30, 2018
6 New Zealand Mar. 14, 2018 June 6, 2018
7 Hungary* May 20, 2018 May 20, 2019
8 Slovenia Jan. 1, 2020 Jan. 1, 2020

*In Hungary, plain packaging required for new brands from Aug. 20, 2016.

United Kingdom – Plain packaging regulations approved March 16, 20158 and came into force May 20, 2016, applying to England, Wales9 Northern Ireland10 and Scotland.11 On May 19, 2016, a tobacco industry legal challenge was dismissed, with an appeal dismissed on Nov. 30, 2016, and with permission to appeal to the UK Supreme Court dismissed April 12, 2017.12, 13

France – Plain packaging legislation adopted December 17, 2015 and came into force May 20, 2016.14, 15 This legislation was upheld on Jan. 21, 2016 as constitutional by France’s Constitutional Council.16 On Dec. 23, 2016, the Council of State (France’s highest administrative court) dismissed legal challenges.17 An implementing Decree18 and Decision19 were adopted Mar. 21, 2016, and a further Decree adopted Aug. 11, 2016.20 On July 20, 2015, France hosted a 10-country ministerial meeting on plain packaging.21, 22

Hungary – On August 16, 2016, Hungary adopted a Decree to require plain packaging effective May 20, 2018 at the manufacturer level.23-25 However, plain packaging must be implemented immediately for new brands placed on the market from August 20, 2016. Ireland – Plain packaging legislation enacted March 10, 2015,26-29 amended Feb. 16, 2017,30 and commenced on Mar. 29, 2017 to come into force Sept. 30, 2017 at manufacturer level.31

New Zealand – Plain packaging legislation adopted Sept. 14, 2016 and regulations approved June 6, 2017, to come into force Mar. 18, 2018 at the manufacturer level.32-34

Norway – Plain packaging legislation adopted Feb. 10, 2017, in effect July 1, 2017 at the manufacturer level.35-39 Plain packaging regulations adopted June 22, 2017.40 On Nov. 6, 2017, the Oslo District Court dismissed an attempt to suspend implementation of plain packaging requirements applying to snuff pending the outcome of a legal challenge.41

Slovenia – Act adopted Feb. 15, 2017 requires plain packaging effective Jan. 1, 2020, and requires the Minister of Health to adopt a plain packaging regulation by Sept. 8, 2017.42, 43 Chile – Bill approved by Senate, July 9, 2015, and forwarded to House of Deputies.44

Canada – New Government elected Oct. 19, 2015 committed in electoral platform to implement plain packaging.45 On Nov. 13, 2015, the Prime Minister’s mandate letter to the Minister of Health included plain packaging as a “top priority”.46 On May 31, 2016, Health Minister Jane Philpott launched a public consultation ending August 31, 2016.47, 48 A government bill, Bill S-5, to elaborate on regulatory authority for plain packaging was approved by the Senate on June 1, 2017, received first reading in the House of Commons on June 15, 2017 and second reading on Jan. 30, 2018.49 Plain packaging was recommended in 1994 by the House of Commons Standing Committee on Health.50

Uruguay – President stated November 24, 2015 and reiterated on July 8, 2016 that plain packaging is being considered.51, 52 A Philip Morris legal claim under bilateral Switzerland-Uruguay investment agreement dismissed July 8, 2016, regarding significant packaging restrictions (though not plain packaging).53 Subsequently, on July 13, 2016, Health Minister stated that a plain packaging law was being developed and would be implemented in 2017.54 Government bill providing enabling authority to require plain packaging was introduced in the Senate Nov. 6, 2017 and referred to the Public Health Committee Nov. 7, 2017.55, 56

Thailand – In November, 2015, a Thailand government representative stated that plain packaging was under consideration.57-59 On April 2, 2017, an Act was adopted containing regulatory authority to require plain packaging.60

Georgia – Legislation adopted May 30, 2017 with regulatory authority to require plain packaging.61

Jersey and Guernsey – On July 3, 2017, the Jersey Minister for Health and Social Services issued instructions to draft plain packaging regulations, with the intent that Jersey and Guernsey would have parallel regulations.62, 63

Singapore – On Dec. 29, 2015, Singapore launched a public consultation on plain packaging ending March 29, 2016.64, 65 On Mar. 9, 2017, the Senior Minister of State for Health stated that a further public consultation would be held in 2017.66 On Feb. 4, 2018, Singapore launched a public consultation ending Mar. 16, 2018.67, 68

Nepal – On May 8, 2017, Minister of Health announced that Nepal to have plain packaging by 2018.69-71

Sri Lanka – On Nov. 7, 2016, President stated that Minister of Health is proposing to introduce plain packaging “in the near future.”72, 73

Belgium – Public Health Minister announced April 9, 2016 that Belgium to have plain packaging by 2019.74

Romania – Law adopted Nov. 4, 2016 includes a provision authorizing government to adopt decision requiring plain packaging.75

Taiwan – On Feb. 13, 2017, government provided notification of draft bill containing regulatory authority to require plain packaging.76

Finland – Government national action plan (June 2014) includes plain packaging as planned measure.77

Turkey – Plain packaging included in government national action plan for 2015-2018.78 In August, 2016, the Health Minister stated that plain packaging is under consideration.79 On Feb. 9, 2017, the Minister of Health stated “we have completed preparations for the introduction of plain packaging”.80

South Africa – Health Minister stated July 24, 2014 that he wants to implement plain packaging,81 and stated March 18, 201582 and May 31, 201683 that legislation will be introduced in Parliament. In November, 2017, Health Minister stated a draft bill would be submitted to Cabinet in early 2018.84

European Union – new Tobacco Products Directive adopted April 3, 2014 explicitly states that 28 EU countries have the option of implementing plain packaging, a provision upheld on May 4, 2016 by the European Court of Justice as valid when dismissing a tobacco industry legal challenge.85-87 

References

1.               West R. Preventing tobacco companies from advertising using their packaging could be an important component of comprehensive tobacco control: A commentary on Australia's plain packaging of cigarettes. Drug & Alcohol Review, 2012; 30(6):681-2. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21950467

2.               Chapman S and Freeman B. From brand to bland--the demise of cigarette packaging. British Medical Journal, 2011; 343:d4376. Available from: http://www.bmj.com/content/343/bmj.d4376.long

3.               Mauritius Government Information Service Prime Minister’s Office. Wntd: Government’s commitment to introduce plain packaging, stressed by health minister (news release), June 6, 2016. Available from: http://www.govmu.org/English/News/Pages/WNTD-Government%E2%80%99s-commitment-to-introduce-plain-packaging,-stressed-by-Health-Minister.aspx.

4.               Kairu P. New headache for tobacco companies as health ministry seeks to enforce plain packaging for cigarettes, in Daily Nation2016. Available from: https://www.nation.co.ke/news/-/1056/3227228/-/pitjd4z/-/index.html

5.               Camara AM. Gambia to embrace plain packaging of tobacco products, in Daily Observer, August 42016. Available from: https://observer.gm/gambia-to-embrace-plain-packaging-of-tobacco-products/

6.               Botswana Ministry of Health. World no tobacco day, in Botswana Ministry of Health2016. Available from: http://www.moh.gov.bw/news_events/world_no_tobacco.html

7.               Decree no. 2011-1051 /pres/pm/ms/mef concerning the packaging and labeling of tobacco products in burkina faso. The President of Faso President of the Council of Ministers 2011; Available from: https://www.tobaccocontrollaws.org/files/live/Burkina%20Faso/Burkina%20Faso%20-%20PL%20Decree.pdf.

8.               Children and families act 2014. Enabling legislation approved by Parliament March 13, no. 6, section 94 2014; Available from: http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2014/6/pdfs/ukpga_20140006_en.pdf.

9.               Welsh Government. Health minister gives go-ahead for standardised packaging for cigarettes to be introduced in Wales (news release) january 29, 2015. Available from: http://wales.gov.uk/newsroom/healthandsocialcare/2015/packaging/?lang=en.

10.            Northern Ireland Department of Health. Social services and public safety, standardised packaging for tobacco products to be introduced in northern Ireland (press release). February 2, 2015. Available from: http://www.northernireland.gov.uk/index/media-centre/news-departments/news-dhssps/news-dhssps-020215-standardised-packaging-for.htm.

11.            Scottish Government. Plain tobacco packaging in (news release) January 222015. Available from: http://news.scotland.gov.uk/News/Plain-tobacco-packaging-14da.aspx.

12.            British American tobacco & others v department of health. EWHC 1169 (Admin), England and Wales High Court of Justice, Queen’s Bench Division, Administrative Court, May 19 2016; Available from: https://www.judiciary.gov.uk/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/bat-v-doh-summary.pdf.

13.            British American tobacco UK ltd & others v the secretary of state for health EWCA Civ 1182, November 30 2016; Available from: http://www.bailii.org/ew/cases/EWCA/Civ/2016/1182.html.

14.            Loi n° 2016-41 du 26 janvier 2016 de modernisation de notre système de santé. [Law n° 2016-41 of 26 January 2016 to modernize our health system] 2016; Available from: https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000031912641&dateTexte=&categorieLien=id.

15.            Projet de loi relatif à la santé [bill relating to health], no. 2302. deposited in National Assembly October 15, 2014 2016; Available from: http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/14/dossiers/sante.asp.

16.            Loi de modernisation de notre système de santé [law to modernize our health system]. Decision n° 2015-727 DC of 21 January 2016; Available from: http://www.conseil-constitutionnel.fr/conseil-constitutionnel/francais/les-decisions/acces-par-date/decisions-depuis-1959/2016/2015-727-dc/decision-n-2015-727-dc-du-21-janvier-2016.146887.html.

17.            Société jt international SA, société d'exploitation industrielle des tabacs et des allumettes, société Philip Morris France SA et autres. Council of State, Dec. 23, 2016, Nos 399117, 399789, 399790, 399824, 399883, 399938, 399997, 402883, 403472, 403823, 404174, 404381, 404394 2016; Available from: http://www.conseil-etat.fr/Decisions-Avis-Publications/Decisions/Selection-des-decisions-faisant-l-objet-d-une-communication-particuliere/CE-23-decembre-2016-societe-JT-International-SA-Societe-d-exploitation-industrielle-des-tabacs-et-des-allumettes-societe-Philip-Morris-France-SA-et-autres.

18.            Décret no 2016-334 du 21 mars 2016 relatif au paquet neutre des cigarettes et de certains produits du tabac. NOR : AFSP1603141D [Decree no 2016-334 of 21 March 2016 relating to plain packaging of cigarettes and of certain tobacco products] 2016; Available from: https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/jopdf.do?id=JORFTEXT000032276104.

19.            Arrêté du 21 mars 2016 relatif aux conditions de neutralité et d’uniformisation des conditionnements et du papier des cigarettes et du tabac à rouler. NOR : AFSP1607269A [Decision of 21 March 2016 relating to conditions of plain and standardized packaging and cigarette paper and rolling tobacco] 2016; Available from: https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/jo_pdf.do?id=JORFTEXT000032276123.

20.            Décret n° 2016-1117 du 11 août 2016 relatif à la fabrication, à la présentation, à la vente et à l'usage des produits du tabac, des produits du vapotage et des produits à fumer à base de plantes autres que le tabac (amends the code de la santé publique [public health code]). 2016; Available from: https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/eli/decret/2016/8/11/AFSP1612356D/jo.

21.            First ministerial meeting on plain tobacco packaging, in Paris, July 20th, Press statement2015. Available from: http://www.social-sante.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/150720_-_PS_-_Plain_Packaging_Meeting.pdf.

22.            Plain packaging of tobacco products: A worldwide movement to address a global challenge, in Press kit, First ministerial meeting on plain tobacco packaging, Paris, July 20th, 2015, p.7.2015. Available from: http://www.social-sante.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/150720_-_PK_-_Plain_Packaging_Meeting.pdf.

23.            Decree 239/2016 of 16 august 2016. Amendment to Government Decree 39/2013 of 14 February 2013 on the manufacture, placement on the market and control of tobacco products, combined warnings and the detailed rules for the application of the health-protection fine 2016.

24.            in Hungary Gazette, August 162016. Available from: http://www.tobaccocontrollaws.org/files/live/Hungary/Hungary%20-%20Regulation%20239_2016.pdf.

25.            Amendment to government decree 39/2013 of 14 February 2013 on the manufacture, placement on the market and control of tobacco products, combined warnings and the detailed rules for the application of the health-protection fine (the 'implementation decree')” (draft). 2015; Available from: http://ec.europa.eu/growth/tools-databases/tris/en/index.cfm/search/?trisaction=search.detail&year=2015&num=529&mLang=EN.

26.            Public health (standardised packaging of tobacco) act 2015. Number 4 of 2015, enacted March 10, 2015; Available from: http://www.irishstatutebook.ie/eli/2015/act/4/enacted/en/print.html.

27.            Public health (standardised packaging of tobacco) act 2015. (Commencement) Order 2017, S.I. No. 115/2017, Mar. 29 2017; Available from: http://www.irishstatutebook.ie/eli/2017/si/115/made/en/print.

28.            Public health (standardised packaging of tobacco) regulations 2017. S.I. No. 422 of 2017 2017; Available from: http://health.gov.ie/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/si422.pdf.

29.            Public health (standardised packaging of tobacco) bill 2014. Bill Number 54 of 2014 2014; Available from: http://www.oireachtas.ie/viewdoc.asp?DocID=26331&&CatID=59.

30.            Health (miscellaneous provisions) act 2017. Number 1 of 2017, 2017; Available from: http://www.oireachtas.ie/documents/bills28/acts/2017/a0117.pdf.

31.            Ireland Department of Health. Standardised packaging of tobacco to be signed into law, to come into force in september, in March 29, 2017 (news release)2017. Available from: http://health.gov.ie/blog/press-release/standardised-packaging-of-tobacco-to-be-signed-into-law-to-come-into-force-in-september/.

32.            Smoke-free environments (tobacco standardised packaging) amendment act 2016. 2016 no 43, adopted Sept 14, 2016 2016; Available from: http://www.legislation.govt.nz/act/public/2016/0043/latest/DLM5821008.html.

33.            Smoke-free environments regulations 2017. LI 2017/123, approved June 6 2017; Available from: http://www.legislation.govt.nz/regulation/public/2017/0123/latest/whole.html?search=ts_act%40bill%40regulation%40deemedreg_smoke_resel_25_a&p=1#DLM7282702.

34.            New Zealand Ministry of Health. Standardised tobacco products and packaging draft regulations, in Consultation document May 312016. Available from: https://www.health.govt.nz/publication/standardised-tobacco-products-and-packaging-draft-regulations.

35.            Bill 142l, in Law amending the Tobacco Control Act (implementation of Directive 2014/40 /EU and standardised tobacco packaging), June 102016. Available from: http://www.tobaccocontrollaws.org/files/live/Norway/Norway%20-%20Law%20Amd%27ing%20TC%20Act%20%282017%29.pdf.

36.            Norwegian Ministry of Health and Care Services. Advertising-free tobacco packs from 1 july 2017, in Mar. 31, 2017 (news release) (Norwegian)2017. Available from: https://www.regjeringen.no/no/aktuelt/reklamefrie-tobakkspakninger-fra-1.-juli-2017/id2547043/.

37.            Norwegian Ministry of Health and Care Services. Norway consults on standardised tobacco packaging and FCTC article 5.3, in (press release) March 172015. Available from: https://www.regjeringen.no/en/aktuelt/norway-consults-on-standardised-tobacco-packaging-and-fctc-article-5.3/id2401001/.

38.            Draft amendments to act no. 14 of 9 march 1973 relating to prevention of the harmful effects of tobacco (standardised packaging) and draft amendment to regulations no 141 of 6 February 2003 on the contents and labelling of tobacco products, in May 52015. Available from: http://ec.europa.eu/growth/tools-databases/tris/en/search/?trisaction=search.detail&year=2015&num=9009.

39.            Norwegian Ministry of Health and Care Services. Towards a tobacco-free generation, in May 31, 2016 (news release)2016. Available from: https://www.regjeringen.no/en/aktuelt/towards-a-tobacco-free-generation/id2502147/.

40.            Regulations amending the regulation on content and labeling of tobacco products. FOR-2017-06-22-942, adopted June 22 2017; Available from: https://lovdata.no/dokument/SF/forskrift/2017-06-22-942?q=Tobakksskadeloven.

41.            Swedish match ab v. The Norwegian state, represented by the ministry of health and care services. Oslo District Court, Nov. 6 2017; Available from: https://www.domstol.no/globalassets/upload/obyf/internett/aktuelt/kjennelser/17-110415tvi_swedish-match-ab.pdf.

42.            The restriction of the use of tobacco products act. Feb. 24 2017; Available from: http://www.tobaccocontrollaws.org/files/live/Slovenia/Slovenia%20-%20TC%20Act%202017.pdf.

43.            Draft act restricting the use of tobacco and related products, in provided to the European Commission on May 262016. Available from: http://ec.europa.eu/growth/tools-databases/tris/en/search/?trisaction=search.detail&year=2016&num=135.

44.            Bill n° 162/sec/15. July 9 2015.

45.            Liberal Party. New plan for strong middle class. Available from: https://www.liberal.ca/files/2015/10/New-plan-for-a-strong-middle-class.pdf.

46.            Prime Minister Justin Trudeau. Letter to Dr. Jane philpott, minister of health (minister of health mandate letter), in November 132015. Available from: http://pm.gc.ca/eng/minister-health-mandate-letter.

47.            Health Canada. Minister philpott launches public consultations on tobacco plain packaging, in May 31, 2016 (news release)2016. Available from: http://news.gc.ca/web/article-en.do?nid=1077359&tp=1.

48.            Health Canada. Consultation on “plain and standardized packaging" for tobacco products, in Potential measures for regulating the appearance, shape and size of tobacco packages and of tobacco products. Document for consultation.” May 2016. (released May 31, 2016)2016. Available from: http://healthycanadians.gc.ca/health-system-systeme-sante/consultations/tobacco-packages-emballages-produits-tabac/document-eng.php.

49.            Bill s-5. An Act to amend the Tobacco Act and the Non-smokers’ Health Act and to make consequential amendments to other Acts 2016; Available from: http://www.parl.ca/Content/Bills/421/Government/S-5/S-5_3/S-5_3.PDF.

50.            House of Commons Standing Committee on Health. Towards zero consumption: Generic packaging of tobacco products, in Report of the House of Commons Standing Committee on Health1994.

51.            Vázquez anunció más medidas para luchar contra el tabaquismo [vazquez announces more measures to combat smoking], in El Diario, November 242015. Available from: http://eldiario.com.uy/2015/11/24/vazquez-anuncio-mas-medidas-para-luchar-contra-el-tabaquismo/.

52.            Próxima etapa de la campaña antitabaco: Las cajillas planas [next stage in the anti-tobacco campaign: Plain packs], in El Pais, July 102016. Available from: http://www.elpais.com.uy/informacion/proxima-etapa-campana-antitabaco-cajillas.html.

53.            Philip Morris brands sàrl, Philip Morris products s.A. And abal hermanos s.A. V. Oriental republic of uruguay. International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, ICSID Case No. ARB/10/7, July 8 2016; Available from: http://www.tobaccofreekids.org/content/press_office/2016/2016_07_08_uruguay.pdf.

54.            Empaquetado genérico para reducir el atractivo del tabaco en 2017, in Espectador, July 132017. Available from: http://www.espectador.com/salud/338068/empaquetado-generico-para-reducir-el-atractivo-del-tabaco-en-2017.

55.            Tabaco. Productos. Etiquetao. Empaquetado. Modificación. Bill 936/2017; Available from: https://parlamento.gub.uy/documentosyleyes/ficha-asunto/137365/ficha_completa.

56.            International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. Uruguay set to become a world leader for restricting tobacco branding as plain packaging bill reaches congress, in November 72017. Available from: https://www.theunion.org/news-centre/news/uruguay-set-to-become-a-world-leader-for-restricting-tobacco-branding-as-plain-packaging-bill-reaches-congress.

57.            World Trade Organization Trade Policy Review Body. Trade policy review, Thailand, minutes of the meeting, revision, in November 24 and 26, 2015, document WT/TPR/M/326/Add.1/Rev.1, dated April 82016. Available from: https://www.docs.wto.org/dol2fe/Pages/FE_Search/FE_S_S006.aspx?Query(@Symbol=%20wt/tpr/s/*)%20and%20((%20@Title=%20thailand%20)%20or%20(@CountryConcerned=%20thailand))&Language=ENGLISH&Context=FomerScriptedSearch&languageUIChanged=true.

58.            World Trade Organization Trade Policy Review Body. Trade policy review, report by the secretariat, Thailand, in Document WT/TPR/S/326, October 102015. Available from: https://www.docs.wto.org/dol2fe/Pages/FE_Search/FE_S_S006.aspx?Query (@Symbol=%20wt/tpr/s/*)%20and%20((%20@Title=%20thailand%20)%20or%20(@CountryConcerned=%20thailand))&Language=ENGLISH&Context=FomerScriptedSearch&languageUIChanged=true.

59.            Deboonme A. Thailand faces tough fight on plain packaging, in The Nation2016. Available from: http://www.nationmultimedia.com/opinion/Thailand-faces-tough-fight-on-plain-packaging-30293004.html.

60.            Tobacco products control act of a.D. 2017. article 38 2017; Available from: http://www.tobaccocontrollaws.org/files/live/Thailand/Thailand%20-%20TC%20Act%202017.pdf.

61.            Law no. 860-iic amending the law on advertising. approved by Parliament May 17 2017; Available from: http://www.tobaccocontrollaws.org/files/live/Georgia/Georgia%20-%202017%20APS%20Amendments%20-%20national.pdf.

62.            Minister for Health and Social Services. Tobacco: Plain packaging standardisation: Law drafting instructions, in Decision Reference MD-HSS-2017-0063, July 32017. Available from: https://www.gov.je/government/planningperformance/pages/ministerialdecisions.aspx?docid=26301E7F-2D9A-4771-9BED-88E1283523BF.

63.            Plain tobacco packaging law enforced in jersey, in ITV, July 72017. Available from: http://www.itv.com/news/channel/2017-07-07/plain-tobacco-packaging-law-enforced-in-jersey/.

64.            The dec. 29, 2015 singapore health promotion board announcement of the consultation can be seen here. Available from: http://www.hpb.gov.sg/HOPPortal/content/conn/HOPUCM/path/Contribution%20Folders/uploadedFiles/HPB_Online/News_and_Events/News/2015/PublicConsult.pdf.

65.            The singapore government had previously announced that it would initiate a consultation by the end of 2015; see parliamentary secretary to the minister of health, statement in singapore parliament, march 12, 2015:. Available from: http://sprs.parl.gov.sg/search/report.jsp?currentPubID=00007492-WA.

66.            Senior Minister of State for Health Dr Amy Khor Lean Suan. Statement to committee of supply, in Singapore Parliament, Mar. 9, 2017 Parliamentary Debates (Hansard)2017. Available from: https://sprs.parl.gov.sg/search/topic.jsp?currentTopicID=00011031-WA&currentPubID=00011034-WA&topicKey=00011034-WA.00011031-WA_3%2Bid-2b844e69-f6c6-4c41-903d-b538a4e23ed6%2B.

67.            Singapore. Consultation document and other related documents. 2018. Available from: www.moh.gov.sg/proposed-tobacco-control-measures

68.            Singapore Ministry of Health. Public consultation on standardized packaging and enlarged graphic health warnings for tobacco products, in February 4, 2018 (news release)2018. Available from: https://www.moh.gov.sg/content/moh_web/home/pressRoom/pressRoomItemRelease/2018/public-consultation-on-standardised-packaging-and-enlarged-graph.html.

69.            Gagan Kumar Thapa NsMoH. Address to south asia tobacco control leadership program, in (8 to 13 May 2017, Hotel Annapurna, Durbar Marg), May 8, 2017, Kathmandu, Nepal.2017.

70.            South Asian tobacco control leadership meet concludes. Himalayan Times, 2017. Available from: https://thehimalayantimes.com/kathmandu/south-asian-tobacco-control-leadership-meet-concludes/

71.            International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (The Union). Nepal hosts regional tobacco control leadership programme, in May 312017. Available from: http://www.theunion.org/news-centre/news/nepal-hosts-regional-tobacco-control-leadership-programme.

72.            Address by Sri Lanka President Maithripala Sirisena. Seventh session of the conference of the parties to the who Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, in Delhi, India, Nov. 72016. Available from: http://www.who.int/fctc/cop/cop7/FCTC_COP_7_DIV6_EN.pdf?ua=1.

73.            Press Trust of India. Sri lanka to introduce plain packaging of tobacco products, in India Today, Nov. 72016. Available from: http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/sri-lanka-to-introduce-plain-packaging-of-tobacco-products/1/804453.html.

74.            Ministre des affaires sociales et santé publique, « plan anti-tabac avec interdiction de fumer en voiture en présence d’enfants et augmentation des accises » 9 avril 2016 (communiqué), in [Minister of Social Affairs and Public Health, “Anti-tobacco plan with smoking ban in vehicles with children and excise increases”] (news release) April 92016. Available from: http://www.maggiedeblock.be/2016/04/09/anti-rook-beleidsplan-met-rookverbod-in-wagen-met-kinderen-en-accijnsverhoging/.

75.            Law no. 201 of 2016 regarding the conditions for manufacturing, presentation and selling of tobacco products and modifying the law no. 349/2002 regarding prevention and counteracting the effects of tobacco consumption. Article 24. Bill PLx no. 272/2016; Available from: http://www.tobaccocontrollaws.org/files/live/Romania/Romania%20-%20Law%20No.%20201_2016.pdf.

76.            Tobacco hazards prevention act amendment bill (draft). notified to World Trade Organization, Feb. 13, 2017, G/TBT/N/TPKM/264. See Article 6 of draft bill. 2017; Available from: http://ec.europa.eu/growth/tools-databases/tbt/en/search/?tbtaction=search.detail&Country_ID=TPKM&num=264&dspLang=en&basdatedeb=&basdatefin=&baspays=&basnotifnum=&basnotifnum2=&bastypepays=ANY&baskeywords=tobacco.

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